Ecology Project 

Kaileigh Prasad                                                          

Lifetime of a Tree:

From our Study: List the abiotic and biotic factors you counted.

Temperature Trees
Soil Grass
Shade/ Sunlight Plants
Gravel Humans
Dirt Animals
Pebbles Fruit

Observe an Organism: Take a picture and observe. Identify and describe how they interact with the four spheres

-Hydrosphere: The geese connect with the hydrosphere when they swim and drink the water.


-Biosphere: The geese connect with the biosphere when they interact with other geese and animals. They also eat grains and small fish.


-Atmosphere: The geese connect with the atmosphere when they fly in the sky.

-Geosphere: The geese connect with the geosphere when they build their habitats. They live in small nests made of mud, rocks and some gravel.

Biological Community:

PRODUCER Some examples of producers that live at the lagoon are trees and plants. Producers are organisms that make their own food. They gain energy from photosynthesis. The get energy from chemicals or the sun and with help of water, they convert that energy into useable energy in the form of sugar or food.
CONSUMER Some examples of consumers are birds and insects. Consumers are organisms that need to eat food to obtain energy, meaning that they have to eat another organism. Consumers have to feed off of producers or other consumers to survive.
DECOMPOSER   Some examples of decomposers are mushrooms and fungi. Decomposers take all of the dead plants and animals and they break them down into their nutrient components so plants can use them to make more food.


Symbiotic Relationships:

Mutualism describes a type of equally beneficial relationship between organisms of different species. It is a symbiotic relationship in which two different species interact with and sometimes totally rely on one another for survival. An example of a mutualistic relationship, that is at the lagoon, is the bee and the flower. Bees fly all around the lagoon and can be found almost every warm day. They fly from flower to flower gathering nectar, which they make into food, benefiting the bees. When they land in a flower, the bees get some pollen on themselves and when they land in the next flower, some of the pollen from the first one rubs off, pollinating the plant. This benefits the plants. In this mutualistic relationship because the bees get to eat and the flowering plants get to reproduce.

Ecologically Linked:

If a member in a food web started to become extinct, it would ruin the whole rest if the web. All living organisms hold a place in the food chain. Since all things in a food chain interact with one another and interlock, if one species became extinct, it could have a major effect on all of the others.

When a predatory species becomes threatened or extinct, it removes a balance in the food chain on the population of prey consumed by that predator. If that were to happen the prey population can grow very large, very quickly.


There are many ways in which people can contribute to the environment. Each day people from all over the world are polluting the environment and not giving anything back. At the lagoon, there are many ways that people can help to make that environment a better living space, for both animals and people.
The lagoon is not only a place for people to take a nice walk and breath of fresh air but it is also a home for many different species of animals. Although the air is fresh and clean, it won’t stay that way forever unless people make the effort to do so. Planting trees is one way to improve air quality and support wildlife. During the process of photosynthesis, trees take in the carbon dioxide that we exhale and produce the oxygen that we breathe. Trees can save us from natural disasters, climate changes and many other catastrophes. By doing this, it will majorly impact the biosphere. Animals such as birds, squirrels and chipmunks need trees in order to have a habitat. Other animals such as beavers use the wood that treees provide, to make their homes. Trees can also help protect these animals from storms or other major winds.
The lagoon is a nice place to talk short walks with family, friends and even pets. These pets such as dogs, can be harming the environment if not leashed. Some dogs, when unsupervised, go deep into the trails and disturb other organisms. They dig up loose dirt, stress out animals, destroy plants and break nests of birds. It’s good to keep your dogs in control and away from harm of other animals. The owners of these animals need to keep them on leashes if they want the environment clean. Also, picking up after these animals is important to keep the environment nice for others.
Pollution is everywhere, especially around the lagoon. There are so many ways that this can be solved but it is the people who aren’t bothering to do anything. Around the lagoon, there are plenty of garbage cans that are animal proof in which it is required to put waste. Many people don’t bother to use these and instead throw their garbage on the ground without realizing the effect it has on the environment. Pollution can cause many things, that can affect people long term. Some things in teh atmosphere such as; air pollution and water pollution. This can harm many animals and plants in the ecosystem. People need to take more time in cleaning up after themselves if they want this earth to be a place of life.

First People’s Link:

Back many years ago, there were many people but not many sources of food or medicine. One of the indigenous plants that is at the lagoon is the red huckleberry. The red huckleberry is also known as the red whortleberry or red bilberry. Red huckleberries were eaten a lot by almost all native tribes. The berries were eaten fresh or sometimes dried. They were a good source of vitamin C and were thought to taste sweeter than cranberries. Another way that these were important was to wildlife. Red huckleberries were a great food for many birds, mammals, bears, chipmunks, foxes and many more.

Back many, many years ago when dinosaurs ruled the world, there were many other organisms that were around. Some as tall as the sky and some as small as a grain of sand. Some as long as the horizon and others as short as a blade of grass. Deep into the forest, on a small broken stump, laid a group of small snails who were ready to have some fun. They were planning a race, as crazy as it seems. Nobody would have thought that a group of snails would start a race. They were as slow as time and slimy as slime. The time came when they were all aligned, ready to run till the edge of the stump. The winner would win a brand-new shell, one without a single scratch or crack. Four lanes perfectly lined with a thin trail of slime. Then the race began and one by one the snails started to move. Some gained speed and shuffled faster. Others couldn’t quite catch up to speed. There was one lonely snail who couldn’t seem to start, almost like he needed a little boost. He was unstable and couldn’t quite seem to keep his balance. This was the snail who would always get bullied because he didn’t function like the others. He always felt out of place and like the odd one out. He was stuck in a daydream when suddenly he got knocked out of his lane and off flew his shell. It rolled slowly to the edge of the stump and fell. By this point, every other snail was past the finish line and some claiming their victory. This snail now felt even more out of place than before, now that he didn’t have a hard shell to hide under. He looked over the edge of the stump and saw his shell, laying cracked on some large twings beneath him. The snail wanted to give up and was prepared for all the bullying that was yet to come. The snails came to him, slowly and said, “Look at him! He hasn’t got a shell. Let’s call him slug!” They then proceeded to shuffle away slowly. “Slug” he thought. He didn’t like it at all but he knew that he would get used to it. Along his back there were rough bumps from where the shell previously had been. He didn’t like them at all. He then started to wonder what his importance was. All he does is eat plants and try not to get stomped on. He wondered if he even surved a purpose. Of course he does. Slugs serve a purpose in the ecosystem. They serve as food for all sorts of mammals, insects and birds. They feed on dead, organic plants such as rotting leaves, dead animals and even animal droppings. Slugs in fact are cabaple of much more than snails because they don’t depend on calcium for their shells.